Thyroid

Malfunction of the thyroid gland is a very common problem in both cats
and dogs.
In dogs, hypothyroidism is mostly seen. The thyroid glands ( 2) are not
producing enough essential thyroxine. Clinical signs are mainly;
lethargy, alopecia (lost of hair in a symmetrical fashion). Clinical
diagnostic is confirmed by a specific blood test.
Treatment consists in providing an oral supplement of thyroxine. The
level of thyroxine ( T4) should be monitored by blood work till the
appropriate level is achieved.
Afterward, a 6 month recheck is requested as th body conditions might
change quickly. Indeed, the blood level of thyroxine may vary with
almost any metabolic diseases.
In older dogs, clinical signs are mainly weight gain, lethargy, skin
problems, recurrent ear infections.
In cats, hyperthyroidism is more common by far. About 80% of geriatric
cats will suffer from a thyroid or kidney problem. Clinical signs are;
weight lost, anorexia, lethargy. Blood work confirms the diagnostic.
Kidneys, heart, blood pressure, and ocular pressure have to be
checked on a regular basis.
Different options are available for treatment.
1. medical; pill or gel can be given to suppress the overproduction of
thyroid. needs to be monitored by blood test till proper blood level is
obtained. Thereafter, every 6 months as well as check kidneys and
liver functions.
2.radiotherapy
available in Indianapolis. session of 4 days, kept until animal is not
radioactive anymore.
3.surgery; Thyroid